estimator.lwe_dual.dual(params: ~estimator.lwe_parameters.LWEParameters, success_probability: float = 0.99, red_cost_model=<estimator.reduction.MATZOV object>)[source]#

Dual attack as in [PQCBook:MicReg09].

  • params – LWE parameters.

  • success_probability – The success probability to target.

  • red_cost_model – How to cost lattice reduction.

The returned cost dictionary has the following entries:

  • rop: Total number of word operations (≈ CPU cycles).

  • mem: Total amount of memory used by solver (in elements mod q).

  • red: Number of word operations in lattice reduction.

  • δ: Root-Hermite factor targeted by lattice reduction.

  • β: BKZ block size.

  • prob: Probability of success in guessing.

  • repetitions: How often we are required to repeat the attack.

  • d: Lattice dimension.